Year 1 Curriculum

Key Topics

  • Weather and Seasons
  • Our School and Village (Homes)
  • Our World (Continents)
  • Animals
  • Toys and Games


Year 1 – English 


By the end of the year, we expect pupils to be able to:

  • apply phonic knowledge and skills to decode words 
  • read accurately by blending sounds in unfamiliar words
  • read common exception words (that don’t follow the common rules)
  • read word ending in -s, -es, -ing, -ed, -er and -est
  • read words with contractions,e.g. I’m, We’ll
  • read aloud accurately books that are consistent with their phonic knowledge
  • listen to and discuss a range of poem, stories and non-fiction at an appropriate level
  • link what they read to their own experiences
  • retell familiar key stories, fairy stories and traditional tales
  • appreciate rhymes and poems, and to recite some by heart
  • discuss the meaning of words
  • draw on what they already know or on background information or vocabulary
  • check the text makes sense to them as they read, correct inaccurate reading as they go along
  • discussing the significance of the title and events of the book
  • make inferences on the basis of what is being said and done
  • predict what might happen on the basis of what has been read so far
  • participate in discussions about what is read to them
  • explain clearly their understanding of what is read to them
  • answer comprehension questions about a text


By the end of the year, we expect pupils to be able to:

  • sit correctly at a table, holding a pencil comfortably and correctly
  • being to form lower-case letters in the correct direction, starting and finishing in the right place
  • form capital letters and digits 0-9
  • understand which letters belong to which handwriting ‘families’ and to practise these
  • say aloud what they are going to write about and compose a sentence orally before writing it
  • sequence sentences to form short narratives
  • re-read what they have written to check that it makes sense
  • discuss what they have written with the teacher or other pupils
  • read aloud their writing clearly enough to be heard
  • leave spaces between words
  • join clauses in a sentence using ‘and’
  • begin to punctuate sentences using a capital letter and a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark
  • use a capital letter for names of people, places, days of the week, and the pronoun ‘I’
  • use grammatical terminology to discuss their writing.


  • name the letters of the alphabet in order
  • spell the days of the week
  • spell words taught in their phonics lessons
  • use the spelling rules for adding -s or -es to make plurals
  • use the prefix un-, e.g. unkind
  • use -ing, -ed, -er and -est, e.g. kinder, eating, quickest
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