Geography – Year 1
Year 1 introduces children to the National Curriculum for Geography and builds on children’s early knowledge and understanding of the world and our environment. In Year 1, children are taught Geography through a number of themed topics, including:
- Seasons and the Weather – this ‘topic’ is taught initially in the autumn term and then throughout the year as we see different seasonal changes in the weather and the impact that it has on nature and human activity. Children will learn about the changes that each season brings, including how plants, trees, and humans adapt to changing temperatures and weather conditions.
- Continents – children will build on their early knowledge of the world to learn more about the seven continents of the world – these are Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica and Oceania (Oceania rather than Australasia is used to include the land mass of Australia, New Zealand and islands in that region).
- Our School and Local Area – children will study the school’s locality and that of Northenden. This topic includes some field work which takes the children into Northenden to conduct surveys of shops and transport. The children will look at and create their own maps of the school and local area.
Key Skills taught in Year 1
- name the seven continents
- recognise the features of the local area
- recognise and name the features of a city
- identify weather patterns in the United Kingdom
- locate hot and cold places in the world in relation to the Equator, North and South Pole
- recognise and identify key physical features: beach, cliff, coast, sea, ocean, river
- identify different seasons
- describe the weather in an area
- use maps, atlases and globes to identify the UK and continents
- use North, South, East and West compass directions
- use locational and directional vocabulary to describe the location of features
- use locational and direction vocabulary to describe routes
- use aerial photographs and plans to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features
- devise a simple map
- record observations of the local area of simple maps, through observations drawings and in tables